journalctl命令来自于英文词组“journal control”的缩写,其功能是用于查看指定的日志信息。在RHEL7/CentOS7及以后版本的Linux系统中,Systemd服务统一管理了所有服务的启动日志,带来的好处就是可以只用journalctl一个命令,查看到全部的日志信息了。

语法格式: journalctl [参数]

常用参数:

-k查看内核日志
-b查看系统本次启动的日志
-u查看指定服务的日志
-n指定日志条数
-f追踪日志
--disk-usage查看当前日志占用磁盘的空间的总大小

参考实例

查看系统中全部的日志信息:

[root@linuxcool ~]# journalctl 
-- Logs begin at Thu 2022-05-19 02:12:18 CST, end at Sat 2022-05-28 13:15:02 CS>
May 19 02:12:18 linuxprobe.com kernel: Linux version 4.18.0-80.el8.x86_64 (mock>
May 19 02:12:18 linuxprobe.com kernel: Command line: BOOT_IMAGE=(hd0,msdos1)/vm>
May 19 02:12:18 linuxprobe.com kernel: Disabled fast string operations
………………省略部分输出信息………………

指定查看内核日志信息:

[root@linuxcool ~]# journalctl -k
-- Logs begin at Thu 2022-05-19 02:12:18 CST, end at Sat 2022-05-28 13:15:02 CS>
May 19 02:12:18 linuxprobe.com kernel: Linux version 4.18.0-80.el8.x86_64 (mock>
May 19 02:12:18 linuxprobe.com kernel: Command line: BOOT_IMAGE=(hd0,msdos1)/vm>
May 19 02:12:18 linuxprobe.com kernel: Disabled fast string operations
………………省略部分输出信息………………

指定查看本次系统启动的日志信息:

[root@linuxcool ~]# journalctl -b
-- Logs begin at Thu 2022-05-19 02:12:18 CST, end at Sat 2022-05-28 13:15:02 CS>
May 19 02:12:18 linuxprobe.com kernel: x86/fpu: Supporting XSAVE feature 0x001:>
May 19 02:12:18 linuxprobe.com kernel: x86/fpu: Supporting XSAVE feature 0x002:>
May 19 02:12:18 linuxprobe.com kernel: x86/fpu: Supporting XSAVE feature 0x004:>
………………省略部分输出信息………………

指定查看某个服务程序的日志信息:

[root@linuxcool ~]# journalctl -u sshd
-- Logs begin at Thu 2022-05-19 02:12:18 CST, end at Sat 2022-05-28 13:17:01 CS>
May 19 02:12:22 linuxcool.com systemd[1]: Starting OpenSSH server daemon...
May 19 02:12:22 linuxcool.com sshd[1109]: Server listening on 0.0.0.0 port 22.
May 19 02:12:22 linuxcool.com sshd[1109]: Server listening on :: port 22.
May 19 02:12:22 linuxcool.com systemd[1]: Started OpenSSH server daemon.
………………省略部分输出信息………………

指定查看最近10条日志信息:

[root@linuxcool ~]# journalctl -n 10
-- Logs begin at Thu 2022-05-19 02:12:18 CST, end at Sat 2022-05-28 13:17:01 CS>
May 28 13:01:01 linuxcool.com run-parts[3541]: (/etc/cron.hourly) finished 0ana>
May 28 13:15:00 linuxcool.com dbus-daemon[980]: [system] Activating via systemd>
May 28 13:15:00 linuxcool.com systemd[1]: Starting Fingerprint Authentication D>
May 28 13:15:00 linuxcool.com dbus-daemon[980]: [system] Successfully activated>
May 28 13:15:00 linuxcool.com systemd[1]: Started Fingerprint Authentication Da>
May 28 13:15:02 linuxcool.com gdm-password][3666]: gkr-pam: unlocked login keyr>
May 28 13:15:02 linuxcool.com NetworkManager[1093]: <info>  [1653714902.2810] a>
May 28 13:17:01 linuxcool.com anacron[2921]: Job `cron.monthly' started
May 28 13:17:01 linuxcool.com anacron[2921]: Job `cron.monthly' terminated
May 28 13:17:01 linuxcool.com anacron[2921]: Normal exit (3 jobs run)

持续追踪最新的日志信息,保持刷新内容:

[root@linuxcool ~]# journalctl -f
-- Logs begin at Thu 2022-05-19 02:12:18 CST. --
May 28 13:01:01 linuxcool.com run-parts[3541]: (/etc/cron.hourly) finished 0anacron
May 28 13:15:00 linuxcool.com dbus-daemon[980]: [system] Activating via systemd: service name='net.reactivated.Fprint' unit='fprintd.service' requested by ':1.177' (uid=0 pid=2222 comm="/usr/bin/gnome-shell " label="unconfined_u:unconfined_r:unconfined_t:s0-s0:c0.c1023")
May 28 13:15:00 linuxcool.com systemd[1]: Starting Fingerprint Authentication Daemon...
May 28 13:15:00 linuxcool.com dbus-daemon[980]: [system] Successfully activated service 'net.reactivated.Fprint'
May 28 13:15:00 linuxcool.com systemd[1]: Started Fingerprint Authentication Daemon.
May 28 13:15:02 linuxcool.com gdm-password][3666]: gkr-pam: unlocked login keyring
May 28 13:15:02 linuxcool.com NetworkManager[1093]: <info>  [1653714902.2810] agent-manager: req[0x7fdcc8007190, :1.177/org.gnome.Shell.NetworkAgent/0]: agent registered
May 28 13:17:01 linuxcool.com anacron[2921]: Job `cron.monthly' started
May 28 13:17:01 linuxcool.com anacron[2921]: Job `cron.monthly' terminated
May 28 13:17:01 linuxcool.com anacron[2921]: Normal exit (3 jobs run)
………………省略部分输出信息………………
Author

这篇优质的内容由TA贡献而来

刘遄

《Linux就该这么学》书籍作者,RHCA认证架构师,教育学(计算机专业硕士)。