mkfs.ext4命令来自于英文词组“make filesystem Ext4”的缩写,其功能是用于对磁盘设备进行Ext4格式化的操作。

语法格式:mkfs.ext4 [参数] 设备

常用参数:

-c格式化前检查分区是否有坏块
-q执行时不显示任何信息
-b <block-size>指定block size大小
-F强制格式化

参考实例

检查指定的磁盘设备并进行格式化操作:

[root@linuxcool ~]# mkfs.ext4 -c /dev/sdb
mke2fs 1.44.3 (10-July-2018)
Creating filesystem with 5242880 4k blocks and 1310720 inodes
Filesystem UUID: 2468ba17-0d37-4900-b67e-5f3a24084fc5
Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
	32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632, 2654208, 
	4096000

Checking for bad blocks (read-only test):   0.00% done, 0:00 elapsed. (0/0/0 errdone                                                 
Allocating group tables: done                            
Writing inode tables: done                            
Creating journal (32768 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done   

对指定的磁盘设备直接进行格式化操作:

[root@linuxcool ~]# mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdb
mke2fs 1.44.3 (10-July-2018)
Creating filesystem with 5242880 4k blocks and 1310720 inodes
Filesystem UUID: 62ccf385-efef-41ab-8938-bfd65bac7066
Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
	32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632, 2654208, 
	4096000

Allocating group tables: done                            
Writing inode tables: done                            
Creating journal (32768 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done   

对指定的磁盘设备进行格式化操作,添加卷标识,并修改块大小:

[root@linuxcool ~]# mkfs.ext4 -L 'LinuxCool' -b 2048 /dev/sdb
mke2fs 1.44.3 (10-July-2018)
Creating filesystem with 10485760 2k blocks and 1310720 inodes
Filesystem UUID: 73ad248c-2a01-49dd-aa46-8770ecbc56fd
Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
	16384, 49152, 81920, 114688, 147456, 409600, 442368, 802816, 1327104, 
	2048000, 3981312, 5619712, 10240000

Allocating group tables: done                            
Writing inode tables: done                            
Creating journal (65536 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done   
Author

这篇优质的内容由TA贡献而来

刘遄

《Linux就该这么学》书籍作者,RHCA认证架构师,教育学(计算机专业硕士)。